Oleh: I Putu Gede Andy Pandy | Januari 29, 2009

Interior Paint


Paint has been used for centuries to decorate all kinds of homes and in that time a huge variety of finishes and effects have been employed beyond the flat coverage of a simply painted surface. Many of what are now regarded as traditional paint effects have their origins in the great houses of the European aristocracy and were later adopted by the rising merchant classes who wanted to share in those splendours themselves. Paint effects are a wonderful way to express your character and that of your home and the people who live with you.

Transformation , illusion , or more frankly deception , was usually the guiding principle , whether the effect was one of rough stone , luxurious marbling or the opulence of gliding. As early as the fourteen century , for example the art of gliding – applying thin layers of gold to surfaces such as wood or plaster , became an immensely popular way of imitating the real gold decoration that only the richest could effort. Wood graining , for example , allowed people to enjoy the beauty and elegance of expensive woods without the cost , as the finishes were applied over cheaper timber. Today great houses may have the best preserved examples of traditional paint finishes , but there are other good examples of wonderful effects in much simpler public buildings , in homes or apartment. For example , the colour blue-grey represents the traditional Scandinavian interior , the dazzling blues , soft pinks and warm ochres that outface the Mediterranean sun and the sober tones remind of the interiors of United states. These are styles and finishes firmly rooted in the often harsh climate and economic or social realities of a particular region , perpetuated over centuries by people whom the concept of style has often , for one good reason or another , been meaningless.

Many of the materials used in the past are still available and experts working on great old buildings and antique furniture undertake restoration work using the same equipment and techniques. Materials of today are less toxic and many are available in a wider range of colours , they offer an attractive alternative. Painting walls has often had greater significance than the simple imperatives of domestic decoration and display. Many ancient civilisations decorated the insides and outsides of their temples and state and public buildings with paint.

Choosing the colour and finish for the walls is probably the most important decision you make when decorating a room. The paint should reflect the character of those who live and work there and the atmosphere they want to create. However , daring to try something new is fun and may reveal a new side of you , the possibilities are endless.

Creating the right wall finish for a period interior was once time consuming and expensive. Today successful substitutes have been found for the unusual and expensive products required using the different permutations and combinations , one can easily reproduce the interiors with an authentic look. Any style of interior is now within your range – from a country kitchen to a baronial hallway. Paint techniques can also be used to disguise some surface imperfections , which is much cheaper than having your walls replastered. Thus , one should always consider the following tips while doing the paint .

• A poor surface treated with the right paint technique can be transformed into a wall of character. Equally , a perfectly smooth new wall can be given instant interest and texture.
• Each room must be treated individually , even though you may want a cohesive scheme throughout your home.
• Remember some areas suffer extra wear and tear : certain finishes may not be practical for kitchens or bathrooms , and others need special attraction.
• Always choose the colour according to the space. Pale colours give a sense of space and darker ones make a room even smaller.
• Remember too that the colour of the base coat will greatly alter the glaze coat applied to it. The most striking colour effects are often achieved by using white as the base colour.
Know more about your paints – II

Here are some of the effects of the paints that one can create apart from the flat surface , but one should be aware of the effect , one desire to create.

COLORWASHING : Colorwashing is among the group of finishes that have their beginings in fine are, they are often known as broken-color technique. Specifically , it involves the application of thin washes of glaze in which the brush marks are left apparent to give the finish texture and depth. It provides an interesting alternative to flat color and can be used to decorate period or modern , town or country interiors

SPONGING : Sponging is a modern broken-color techniques. Natural sponge , moistened with water or soaked in glaze and used over the opaque base coat to produce a softly mottled effect–either by removing or adding color. Usage of sea sponge create more interesting textures that normal household sponge.

STIPLING : Traditionally stippling entails the reworking of newly applied paint to create a finely textured , matt finish. A well prepared surface is essential and a steady hand. An elegant effect which adds subtle ageing to a room , it looks good on wood panelling , furniture and frames.

DRY BRUSHING : In this technique , the brush is kept relatively dry as glaze is applied lightly over a base coat to create a cloudy effect. It can be subtle if applied in soft tones with soft strokes or bold if you use hard bristed brushes and strong colors. An easy way to give texture to modern interiors , it is also used to create an aged finish for period settings. It is ideal for highlighting architectural mouldings and because it is extremely resilient , for furniture.

MEDITERRANEAN LOOK : The word mediterranean gives us a impact of wonderful chalky colors of sunbaked , painted house. It gives a very country look kind of the atmosphere. Random brushing and hard rubbing create the characteristic roughness and depth of tone. It can be used on a variety of surface but is natural suited to uneven plaster and textured surfaces.

TEXTURING : There are many different ways to texture paints. The obvious advantage of texturing is that it is a wonderful disguise for imperfect wall. But it can bring character to any surface , or a tough finish to a garden room or exterior wall.

WOOD FINISHES : Paint finishes on wood can be as authentic and fantastic as you wish. Color is the determining factor but with today’s wide choice of colors , the scope for experiment is enormous. Paint effects can also ‘age’ new wood quickly. This is a important period setting , where new wood is often ill at ease. Stairs , handrails , floors and frames can also be aged to add a period feel to any home.

BORDERS : Borders are nowadays becoming very common and people are having a keen interest in them. Painted borders are a neglected way of bringing additional interest to wall surfaces. Borders painted by hand are essentially individual .One can choose color and patterns one wants and can make them as simple or as complex.


Color is the most powerful decorating element in our homes. Color is memorable and above all personal. An understanding of color can really help us achieve the goal of a pleasant , personal and comfortable home. There are hundreds of options but only one decision maker , that matters and that is You. The people who eat and sleep , entertain , play and rejuvenate in the spaces are the ones whose well-being is affected.

If we understand the basics of the color , then we can make a perfect color scheme. The colors are divided into three categories

Primary color- These are the three basic hues , red , blue and yellow. They are the foundation of the color wheel and all other colors are derived from them.
Secondary color – When two primary colors are mixed , they form a secondary color . They are orange , green and violet.
Tertiary color- When two secondary colors are mixed , they form a tertiary color , like citron , olive , russet. THE COLOR WHEEL – The color wheel is a complete picture of all the colors available , once you understand this , there will not be any problem in forming any color scheme. In the color wheel at the right , the primaries form a triangle with equal sides with in the circle , and the secondaries form another triangle opposite to that. Each color has a ‘complement’ which is located directly across from it on the wheel. Thus , green is complement of red , orange is complement of blue.

A perfectly balanced color scheme might use equal parts of three colors which are equidistant on the color wheel . Interior designers often compensate for intensity by either tinting (adding white) or toning ( adding black ) or by graying (adding complementary colors ) . In these way they create contrast through a change in value (lightness and darkness ) or intensity ( brightness and dullness ) . With even this limited information , it is easy to see how the possibilities for combining colors are infinite and inviting. Using the tints and tones ,the total effect is lively and pleasing but not overwhelming , a beautifully colored room. Now here are some of the colors with their effects and the nature they depict and the places where they are suggested to use.

RED : Red is the most dramatic , emotional and active of the three primaries . It is an especially versatile color in its effects , enlivening interior spaces by creating excitement , warmth and elegance . The use of red suggests a bold and confident attitude. It is used in those areas where one needs excitement like the bars. It is less often used in sleeping area because of its energizing quality. The complement of red is green.

BLUE : Blue is the only colors which is the most universally equated with the beauty. Blue is timeless , linking the present with tradition and lasting values. It is the most versatile in expressive values. Psychologically, blue is associated with tranquility and contentment. In interior design , softer and lighter blues are generally preferred for the larger areas.

YELLOW : It is a powerful color , both light in value and extremely intense in its purest form. It evokes a sense of energy and excitement. Yellow is a perennial favourite in interior design , combining with greens to provide the natural freshness and with red for gaiety and richness.

GREEN : Green is the most common choice of the designers. It is often used as a dominant room color . Green goes with every other color and makes it a natural neutral. It represents the greenery of the nature and thus provide the room with liveliness.

VIOLET : It seems to be a color of emotional contrasts. Its paler tints are unabashedly romantic, fragile and quiet feminine . It enjoyed the popularity in the Victorian era and now as pure colors emerge again , beautiful violet is certain to be a player.

ORANGE : It is amazingly versatile , capable of emitting great energy in its purest form and as an earth tone , it evokes warmth , comfort and reassurance. Nowadays , the lighter orange , popularly known as peach is common in use as it gives a cool effect.

PASTELS : Pastels are simply lighter tints of any hue , white added to red yields pink and light pink is a pastel. There is not any particular definition for a pastel color but when colors become so light that they almost seem to be white , they are pastels. The pastels are becoming more and more popular as they crate the most sober and elegant look.

NEUTRALS : Using neutrals does not mean not using color . Any low intensity color that is used as a background for other accent colors , features , furniture and objects in a space can be classified as neutrals. Neutrals are practical and by changing accessories and fabrics the look of space can be dramatically altered against the same neutral background.

Enjoy color , take these tips from the professionals and then you can become creative. You must think about the people in your home who matter the most for you and then imagine the things you do together and then finally go for a final color scheme.


Color has a profound effect on our mood. In clothing , interiors , landscape and even natural light , a color can change mood from sad to happy , from confusion to intelligence , from fear to confidence. Particular colors have different effects on each individual . Response to a color may be influenced by a number of factors such as the body’s need for a specific color , a sad or happy memory associated with a color. In previous decades , certain colors or group of colors dominated every palette . Now in millenium , the stopper is out and uniqueness and personal preferences are really in. There are no absolutes in the world of color. Some colors make you want to get out of your chair , others make you want to nestle down and read. Some colors are articulate and must be listened to. Others are very quiet . Some colors indicate that you have travelled or are well read. Yet others create a desire for closeness , intimacy and love. Following are some of the most typical responses to various color groups.

NURTURING NEUTRALS : These colors create a sense of peace and well being. They foster quiet conversation with family and friends and can dispel loneliness. Throughout time , mankind has found a sense of peace and tranquility when in touch with ” Mother Earth ” . It follows that colors which impart a sense of warmth and serenity come directly from the earth. In addition to the earth colors in the neutral group are colors associated with sea such as sand , shell , coral , pearl , stone , seaweed. GREEN is a color which helps us to adjust to new environments and situations. It will always be found among the ‘nurturing neutrals’. The BLUES represented here will range from winter sky to stream to midnight. The neutrals are somewhat like the furniture while other palettes are more like accents or accessories.

INTELLECTUAL COLORS : These are the sharp , witty and unique colors which convey a message that the owner has travelled , is well read and has something to say. These colors will command respect without being overbearing. This palette also starts with a earthy , warm base. Grey is a color which promotes creativity and will often be found in foundation of an intellectual palette. These greys will be warm and gentle. Some tones of blue suggest communication and trust , so it will naturally be found in the intellectual palette. Navy blues will often find their way in this palette , but its effect is warm and never cold and fragile. Red also appears in this intellectual palette , but the shades will be earthy and complicated burgundy , cranburry.

PLAYFUL COLORS : These colors are exiting and used for a fun providing environment These playful , whimsical palettes create their own kind of music , like the sounds of children playing. There are highs and lows , lights and darks and always movement and activity. Used in active spaces within the home , a ‘playful’ palette can add energy and vitality. But if overdone , this type of palette becomes irritating and stressful. The foundation of this palette is WHITE . This could be anywhere from vanilla ice cream to snow drift to winter moon. Then comes the bubble gum pink , buttercup , wintergreen , all the berry colors and crayon colors. Many of these colors will be cool , and even in lighter tones there will be brightness and clarity. The bottom line in creating this type of palette is that the colors should suggest a sense of freedom , play and downright fun.

HEALING COLORS : This palette includes the colors which are very refreshing and rejuvenating. Like nurturing colors , ‘healing colors’ also begin by getting in touch with nature. The first group of colors considered in this palette is GREEN. Because they have the power to help us adjust to new environments , skillful designers use lots of plants and other forms of green . Healing greens may be warm or cool , but not muddy or mysterious like those in the intellectual palette. Healing palettes also take inspirations from warn earth tones. These palettes usually contains contrast as well as a clarity of color that is inspiring. They will include a range of lights and darks but will never be muddy.

ROMANTIC COLORS : Many species including the human beings attempt to attract the opposite sex with colors. RED is the color of sex and lust and is often called the most romantic of colors. It is no accident that red is the chosen symbolic color for the Valentine’s Day. In interior design , however , a less intense , softer tone of red is far more conducive to romance than the pure hue. Often referred as PINKS , these colors vary from cool to warm and from light to dark. Pinks have an interesting quality that seems to halt the body’s ability to stay angry. PURPLE is another color which is definitively romantic because of its passionate , unpredictable and quixotic characteristics. Paler , less intense tones of ORANGE such as apricot and peach are often included in the romantic palette , suggesting purity and innocence. BLUES in the romantic palette will be cool and inspired by water.

PERSONAL STYLE : There are no trends in color as important as personal style. Today , most designers draw from many historical periods as well as contemporary influences and mix them together to create unique personal spaces. The most effective color palettes reflect and enhance the interests , collections and activities of the people who live there as well as architectural features.

The effects of color on mood will vary from individual to individual. Color schemes have emotional messages too. An awareness of the emotions generated by different colors is helpful in planning personal palettes that will be pleasant to live with , but it must be understood that this information is not absolute. Subtle changes in tone can increase or decrease the emotions evoked by a particular color , allowing it to be included in many diverse palettes.


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